Doris Salcedo makes sculptures and installations that function as political and mental archaeology, using domestic materials charged with significance and suffused with meanings accumulated over years of use in everyday life. Salcedo often takes specific historical events as her point of departure, conveying burdens and conflicts with precise and economical means.
Her early sculptures and installations, such as La Casa Viuda (1992-1995), combined domestic furniture with textiles and clothing. Salcedo derived her materials from research into Colombia’s recent political history, so these belongings, imbued with the patina of use, were directly linked to personal and political tragedy. During the past few years, Salcedo’s work has become increasingly installation-based, using the gallery spaces or unusual locations to create vertiginous environments charged with politics and history. Noviembre 6 y 7 (2002) is a work commemorating the seventeenth anniversary of the violent seizing of the Supreme Court, Bogotá on 6 and 7 November, 1985. Salcedo sited the work in the new Palace of Justice where, over the course of 53 hours (the duration of the original siege), wooden chairs were slowly lowered against the façade of the building from different points on its roof, creating “an act of memory” in order to re-inhabit this space of forgetting. In 2003, in Istanbul, she made an installation in an unremarkable street comprising 1,600 wooden chairs stacked precariously in the space between two buildings. In 2005, at the Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Salcedo reworked one of the institution’s major rooms by extending the existing majestic, vaulted brick ceiling of the gallery. Subtly transforming the existing space, Abyss evoked thoughts of incarceration and entombment. For her 2007 Unilever commission at Tate Modern, Salcedo created Shibboleth, a chasm running the length of the Turbine Hall that represented exclusion, separation and otherness.
Plegaria Muda is her most recent body of work, comprising numerous sculptural objects that sprout delicate blades of grass. Referencing the body, with their coffin-like proportions, the work alludes to an abandoned graveyard and was inspired, in part, by the thousands of missing civilians in Colombia, who are often killed and passed off as guerrilla causalities. The work was first presented at MUAC, Mexico and toured to Sweden, Lisbon, Rome, London and Brazil from 2010-2013.
Doris Salcedo has exhibited in group exhibitions internationally including XXIV São Paolo Biennial (1998), Documenta XI, Kassel (2002), 8th Istanbul Biennial (2003), ‘NeoHooDoo’, PS1 Contemporary Art Centre, New York and The Menil Collection, Houston (2008) and ‘The New Décor’, Hayward Gallery, London (2010). Solo exhibitions include The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York (1998), San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1999 and 2005), Tate Britain, London (1999), Camden Arts Centre, London (2001), Tate Modern, London (2007), Inhotim, Centro de Arte Contemporânea, Belo Horizonte, (2008), MUAC, Mexico; Moderna Museet, Malmö and CAM Gulbenkian, Lisbon (2011) and MAXXI Rome and Pinacoteca São Paulo (2012), Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima City, Japan (2014) and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (2015).