Ibrahim Mahama uses the transformation of materials to explore themes of commodity, migration, globalisation and economic exchange. Often made in collaboration with others, his large-scale installations employ materials gathered from urban environments, such as remnants of wood, or jute sacks which are stitched together and draped over architectural structures. Mahama’s interest in material, process and audience first led him to focus on jute sacks that are synonymous with the trade markets of Ghana where he lives and works. Fabricated in South East Asia, the sacks are imported by the Ghana Cocoa Boards to transport cocoa beans and eventually end up as multi-functional objects, used for the transportation of food, charcoal and other commodities. ‘You find different points of aesthetics within the surface of the sacks’ fabric’, Mahama has said. ‘I am interested in how crisis and failure are absorbed into this material with a strong reference to global transaction and how capitalist structures work.’
A critical feature of the artist’s practice is the process by which he obtains his materials. For Non-Orientable Nkansa for example, Mahama engaged dozens of collaborators to produce hundreds of ‘shoemaker boxes’. These small wooden objects were made from structural materials found in the cities of Accra and Kumasi, and used to contain tools for polishing and repairing shoes. Bearing the marks of the trade of ‘shoeshine boys’, the boxes also functioned as an improvised drum, pounded to solicit business. Mahama and his collaborators obtained these items through a process of negotiation and exchange. Gathered together in a single, monumental unit, the containers were crammed with other re-purposed items such as heels, hammers and needles, all of which are part of Mahama’s ongoing inquiry into the life of materials and their dynamic potential.
For the recent installation A Grain of Wheat 1918-1945 (2015-18) Mahama accumulated dozens of ambulance stretchers dating from the Second World War, collected during a residency in Athens. The battered, antique carriers, propped upright, were then partially re-stretched with household fabrics and smoked fish papers from West Africa, which lend the work a powerfully redolent aspect. Brought together the continuous line of posts acquire an anthropomorphic dimension, calling to mind individuals amassed silently at border crossings, and evolves, as one critic described it, into ‘a monument to labour and suffering’.
Ibrahim Mahama was born in 1987 in Tamale, Ghana. He lives and works in Accra, Kumasi and Tamale. His work has appeared in numerous international exhibitions including the Norval Foundation, Cape Town (2019); Documenta 14, Athens and Kassel (2017); All the World’s Futures, 56th Venice Biennale, Venice (2015); Artist’s Rooms, K21, Dusseldorf (2015); Material Effects, The Broad Art Museum, Michigan (2015); An Age of Our Own Making, Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Copenhagen and Holbæk (2016) and Fracture, Tel Aviv Art Museum, Israel (2016). Ibrahim Mahama will feature in Ghana's first national pavilion at the 58th Venice Biennale in May 2019.